Periodontal or gum disease happens when bacteria gets below the gum line and the attachment between the gum and tooth is lost. Three out of four Americans have some form of periodontal disease and only 3 out of 100 will ever get treated before its too late. Gum disease is a silent, chronic, painless and communicable bacterial infection that often goes undetected or ignored until severe gum and bone destruction is unbearable and no longer able to be ignored. Left untreated, gum disease can cause tooth loss and traditional treatment can hurt. The latest conservative gum therapy uses ultrasonic scalers, hand instruments and even a laser.The treatment gently disinfects and evaporates diseased tissues from around the tooth and inside the gum pocket. This treatment interrupts the bacterial destruction of the tissues and bone, giving the gum pocket a chance to heal. Systematic repeated visits, generally 2-8, allow the gum pocket to be disease-free and sometimes allow tissues to reattach to the pocket to a normal or near-normal depth. Conservative gum therapy including laser therapy and ultrasonic therapy is gentle, less painful, and has a quick recovery. It can very often be done with no needles! While surgery may still be indicated for severely advanced periodontal cases,conservative gum therapy is a much more conservative, effective and comfortable option for beginning to moderate periodontal cases.